ART AND MUSIC THERAPY
|Art Therapy is a form of psychotherapy that uses
art media as its primary mode of communication.
Clients who are referred to an art therapist need
not have previous experience or skill in art, the
art therapist is not primarily concerned with making
an aesthetic or diagnostic assessment of the
client's image. The overall aim of its practitioners
is to enable a client to effect change and growth on
a personal level through the use of art materials in
a safe and facilitating environment.
In art therapy, the client uses clay, paint, and
other art medium to create images that explore their
feelings, dreams, memories or ideas. People come to
art therapy for a variety of reasons. For example,
individuals suffering with depression, facing loss,
coping with trauma, dealing with addiction,
recovering from sexual abuse, or seeking means to
overcome anxiety have often found relief, courage,
and strengthening insight through art therapy.
Creativity can provide a means of expression for
that which has no words, or is not yet fully
understood. Using the client’s art as an
interpretive reference point, the art therapist
helps the client further explore their feelings,
experiences, and perceptions and claim renewed
clarity and meaning in their life.
Music therapy has a number of different approaches
in therapy. Depending upon the needs of the client
and the orientation of the therapist, different
aspects of the work may be emphasised. Fundamental
to all approaches, however, is the development of a
relationship between the client and the therapist.
Music-making forms the basis for communication in
As a general rule both client and therapist take an
active part in the sessions by playing, singing and
listening. The therapist does not teach the client
to sing or play an instrument. Rather, clients are
encouraged to use accessible percussion and ethnic
instruments and their own voices to explore the
world of sound and to create a musical language of
their own. By responding musically, the therapist is
able to support and encourage this process.
Music therapists work with children and adults who
have a wide range of needs, including learning
disabilities, physical, emotional and psychological
disorders and sensory impairments.